Everyone wants to keep their turkey nice and moist at Thanksgiving. The problem with a whole turkey is that the dark meat takes longer to cook than the white meat, and the white meat can dry out easily after a long time in the oven. There are all kinds of methods out there that promise to deliver a flavorful turkey with moist, tender breast meat. The High Heat Turkey Method is usually my go-to way to cook a turkey, since it produces a really beautiful bird with great skin (especially if you coat the skin with butter before putting it in the oven) that is still nice and moist. But this year, I tried Thomas Keller’s Mayonnaise-Roasted Turkey Breast recipe a few times with great results, so I decided to use technique with a full sized bird and make a Mayonnaise Roast Turkey.
The mayonnaise turkey breast is made by coating a large turkey breast in a thick layer of mayonnaise, which sort of bastes the breast in oil as it roasts in the oven and keeps all that white meat nice and juicy. For a larger bird, the technique is very similar: a layer of mayonnaise is applied to the turkey before it goes into the oven and gives you an easy way to infuse that turkey with some extra moisture. Cook’s Country also featured this method in their magazine recently, and I ended up combining the methods for one that worked out just right.
First, cover the turkey with a dry spice rub so that the mayonnaise has something to adhere to when you smear it onto the bird. Then, season the mayonnaise and rub half of it onto the turkey. The turkey is first cooked at a relative low temperature to start it off, then another coating of mayonnaise is added and the temperature is raised to finish off the cooking and give the turkey a nice, dark finish.
The resulting bird excellent. The white meat was very, very juicy and the seasoned mayonnaise gave the skin a nice flavor, though it didn’t produce as crisp of a skin as the high heat turkey method does. The dark meat was also moist and flavorful, and I had no worries about the turkey drying out as the dark meat cooked. Since the last portion of the cooking is done at a high heat, this method also gives you a pretty clear timeline as to when your bird is close to being done, which helps with the timing of side dishes.
I used a 14 pound fresh turkey for this recipe, but it can be adapted to any size bird. If you have a very large turkey, you may need a little bit more mayonnaise in your recipe. Take your time defrosting a frozen turkey and make sure it has defrosted completely before using it. Whether you are using a fresh turkey or a frozen one, make sure to leave the turkey at room temperature for about an hour before cooking it to help it to cook more evenly. Homemade mayonnaise is going to give you excellent results, but a store-bought mayonnaise will work well, too. You can get away with using a “light mayonnaise,” but don’t try to make fat-free mayo work for a recipe like this one.
And, finally, use a meat thermometer to check the dark meat of your turkey for doneness. The dark meat takes longer to cook and, since your breast will be nice and moist, you only really have to worry about the dark meat coming to the correct temperature. Meat thermometers are reliable and will take the mystery out of roasting the bird.
Ultra-Moist Mayonnaise Roast Turkey
1 14-lb turkey, fresh or frozen and defrosted (see note below for other weights)*
2 tsp garlic powder
1 tsp salt
1/2 tsp ground black pepper
1 tsp paprika
1 tbsp dried, ground sage
2 tsp dried rosemary
3/4 cup mayonnaise
1/4 cup olive oil
3 tbsp apple cider vinegar
Preheat oven to 325F.
Thoroughly rinse turkey inside and out, and remove any giblets, etc. that may be inside the cavity. Pat turkey dry very thoroughly with paper towels. Place on a rack in a large roasting pan and allow to air dry for 45 minutes.
In a medium bowl, stir together garlic powder, salt, pepper, paprika, sage and rosemary. Sprinkle half of the spice rub evenly over the turkey and then rub it in to the skin of the bird.
Add mayonnaise, olive oil and cider vinegar to the remaining spice mixture and whisk thoroughly.
Use a spatula to spread half of the mayonnaise mixture over the turkey. Cover the breast area loosely with a large piece of aluminum foil and put the bird in the oven.
Roast turkey for about 3 to 3 1/2 hours for a 14 pound turkey (see note below for other weights), until the dark meat registers between 140 and 150F.
Take turkey out of the oven and remove the aluminum foil. Use a spatula to spread the remaining mayonnaise mixture over the bird and return it to the oven.
Turn the oven up to 450F.
Bake turkey for an additional 40-50 minutes, or until the dark meat reaches a temperature of 175F (white meat should be 160F when done).
Allow turkey to rest at room temperature for 30 minutes to allow the juices to redistribute before slicing.
Makes 1 large turkey.
*Note: I used a 14 lb turkey for this recipe. You can use any size turkey. The standard wisdom for roasting turkeys is 15 minutes at 325F per pound, so if you have a large turkey, you will need more cooking time.
Therefore, a 16-lb turkey should need about 30 more minutes in the oven at the lower temperature. A 12-lb turkey should need 30 minutes less. Use a meat thermometer in the dark meat of your turkey to ensure that you have the right temperature for best results.