White peaches are my favorite type of peaches to eat plain, so I often stock my kitchen up with them when they are in season. This means that white peaches make it into my desserts and baked goods more often than standard yellow peaches do. The two fruits are absolutely interchangeable in recipes, but there are a few flavor differences between white and yellow peaches that are worth noting.
White peaches tend to have paler skin than their yellow cousins, but have the same blush, softness and overall look as a standard peach. The real difference is that they have a white or champagne-colored flesh that is a clear departure from just about any yellow shade. They look beautiful sliced, as the white contrasts nicely with their reddish center (the same red center around the pit as in a standard peach). These peaches were not commercially cultivated in substantial numbers until the 1980s because they were considered to be more delicate than yellow peaches and had a much shorter growing season, meaning that they were not usually as profitable for farmers. These days, selective breeding has made white peaches a bit more resilient and has given them a longer season, so they are showing up more and more in regular markets.
In addition to the color, there is a distinct difference between white and yellow peaches. White peaches have a soft peach flavor, but are much more floral tasting. This translates to a delicacy in their flavor that isn’t quite there in a yellow peach, and I think that they taste a lot sweeter for it. These subtle flavors come out when you eat the peaches on their own, but they will also make it into a cobbler or a pie if you choose to use white peaches for those dishes.